The different types of pediatric orthopedic surgery are used to treat a variety of injuries or diseases in children. Hip dysplasia surgery to restore hip function is one such surgical procedure. Sports pediatric orthopedic surgery is another. Pediatric orthopedic surgery to correct problems with scoliosis is often performed on older children and teenagers. Congenital deformities or birth defects may also be corrected through various types of orthopedic surgery, including foot and hand surgery.
Many pediatric orthopedic surgery procedures involve repairing the joints and bones. Some of the issues children face may be present from birth or acquired during the first several years of life. A slipped or herniated disc, although not as common in children as in adults, may cause pressure on the spine and recurrent pain. Surgery to repair the misplaced vertebrae is one such procedure considered to be a type of pediatric orthopedic surgery.
Hip dysplasia in children may often require orthopedic surgery if the condition prohibits walking or causes problems with posture. Many babies are born with this condition that causes dislocation of the hip. Surgery is often recommended during infancy to prevent health issues later in life. This type of surgery is typically performed when the child is older than 14 months of age. Realigning or repositioning the hip bones is a way to correct the dysplasia, allowing the child to develop normal skeletal growth.
Pediatric orthopedic surgery to correct problems associated with scoliosis is typically performed on children who have had ongoing problems with curvature of the spine. These procedures are aimed at correcting spinal deformities and abnormalities that prevent children from walking. Surgery is also recommended to help alleviate pressure and pain.
Another type of pediatric orthopedic surgery consists of repairing broken bones due to childhood injuries and trauma. This may include surgery to repair fractured limbs and dislocation of joints. Sports injuries account for a large percentage of the pediatric trauma that requires surgery. When fractures involving large bones present a risk of deformity, a procedure known as fracture reduction may be performed.
Torn cartilage injuries sometimes require orthopedic surgery in children. The damage may occur in joints affecting the knee or elbow. Children who participate in contact sports such as football may run the risk of such injuries. Older children who participate in various sports may also suffer injuries to the shoulder, such as rotator cuff tears. If the tear is significant enough to impair mobility, orthopedic surgery may be necessary.