Fluticasone is a medication classified as a corticosteroid. Although it may be helpful in treating breathing problems, such as asthma, fluticasone side effects may occur. The most common side effects usually are not serious and include dry mouth, headache, and a stuffy nose.
This medication works by decreasing the inflammation that develops in the airways with conditions like asthma. Fluticasone is inhaled into the lungs. Fluticasone propionate can also be used in a nasal spray. As with all medications, it is important to understand all side effects that can occur.
Additional side effects include a sore or irritated throat. Some people can develop trouble swallowing. Another possible side effect of fluticasone is a yeast infection in the mouth. This type of infection can cause white patches to develop in the mouth or back of the throat. The patches may be painful and take several weeks to clear up.
Although not common, fluticasone side effects may also include emotional problems. Some people will experience anxiety or depression. Patients who develop serious side effects, whether emotional or physical, should call their doctors as soon as possible.
Most people will not experience serious side effects that prevent the use of the medication, but it is important to be aware these problems do occasionally occur. Chest pain and difficult breathing are possible serious side effects. Hives or a rash, which may indicate an allergic reaction, can also occur. Shortness of breath, a cough, and swelling of the face are not common fluticasone side effects, but can develop.
There are additional side effects that may develop if fluticasone is used long term. It can lead to increased risk of weakening of the bones. When children use the medication, it is possible it will slow down growth. Although it is not common, occasionally cataracts can be one of the fluticasone side effects.
Although not all fluticasone side effects may be preventable, some may be reduced. Patients who use a fluticasone inhaler should rinse their mouth after each use and spit the water out. This can help wash the residue from the inside of the mouth. It may help prevent an oral yeast infection.
Patients using fluticasone should be carefully monitored for side effects. This is especially true for children, since growth can be affected. For other long-term users, regular eye exams may help monitor developing problems. As with all medications, it advisable to discuss benefits versus the side effects to determine if the medication should be continued.