The main difference between advertising and marketing is that one is actually part of the other. Advertising is a part of the promotional aspect of marketing. The "5 Ps" of marketing are product, price, place or distribution, packaging and promotion. Along with advertising, the promotional part of the five components of marketing mix includes personal selling, public relations and sales promotions.
Sales promotions are temporary, individual offers designed to give the target market incentives to purchase a company's products. The offers may be "buy one get one free" deals, coupons, or points to be collected and redeemed for merchandise. In terms of advertising and marketing plan paybacks, these incentives often have the result of increasing sales volume by giving people an added reason to purchase products, whether that is to save money or collect reward points to get goods they want.
Public relations strategies involve promoting a company in a good light, such as by having part of the product's sales go to charity. Getting news about the company published in the form of media press releases helps keep awareness of the brand forefront in the public eye. Although public relations, advertising and marketing are all distinctly different, they all work together to establish, develop and maintain brand awareness. This is important for any product, especially to distinguish it from competing brands to its target audience.
Personal selling means speaking one on one with customers, either in person or on the telephone, to sell them products or services. This type of communication goes beyond customer service, although it does often involve building a close relationship with each client. Whereas advertising and marketing efforts often reach a large group of potential customers at once, personal selling is different in that its scope is more limited. Each sales representative can only build a close working relationship with a limited number of customers and prospects.
Advertising is getting a company's message or communication about its product out to its target audience through one or more forms of media. This may be done through broadcast media such as radio and television, or the advertising may be in print form such as by appearing in magazines or newspapers. Advertising often informs as well as persuades to communicate the buying message established in the marketing plan. In this way, advertising and marketing work hand in hand to achieve overall objectives in reaching out to grab the attention of the target audience.