An abortion is a difficult process, both physically and emotionally, and the consequences of abortion can be far-reaching for the woman undergoing the procedure and others involved in the decision. The mother, and potentially the father, of the unborn fetus may experience mental anguish, and the mother may experience physical pain as a result of the abortion surgery. Consequences of abortion will vary on a case by case basis, as some people feel little or no consequences at all, but a woman taking part in an abortion surgery should expect both physical and mental trauma to be possible, as well as potential social stigmatization.
Trauma to the affected areas of the female body are perhaps the most obvious physical consequences of abortion. Depending on the method used for the abortion, a woman may need to work through a recovery period, in which she refrains from sexual activity and takes antibiotic medications to prevent infection. The recovery time will vary on a case by case basis, but all women who undergo an abortion should be careful to monitor the healing process and consult a doctor immediately if a problem arises.
Other consequences of abortion include any potential mental anguish and coping with the emotionally straining situation. Abortion is a highly divisive topic, and many people view it as murder; others view it as an acceptable practice and the right of the mother. The social implications of an abortion can weigh heavily on the woman considering the procedure, and if her abortion is known to others, she may face stigmatization from her peers, family members, or society at large.
Some women who go through the procedure find themselves in a period of mourning after the procedure has taken place. Grieving can be one of the consequences of abortion, and not just for the female. A man who would have been the father may also be affected, as can other members of the family. Women may have a tendency to feel an emotional connection to the unborn child or fetus, making the mental strain before, during, and after the procedure a traumatic affair.
Some consequences of abortion can be positive. Expectant mothers may choose to abort a fetus because of potential birth complications. If the mother is at risk of death if she gives birth, the mother may save her own life by getting an abortion. Evidence may be found that the child may not survive child birth either, in which case a mother may choose to get an abortion.