We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What are the Common Causes of Frequent Menstruation?

Autumn Rivers
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Not every woman menstruates once exactly each month, as some experience polymenorrhea, or abnormally frequent periods. This problem is defined as menstruation about every 21 days or less, leading to what seems like too many periods since they are so frequent. This issue may be caused by underlying conditions like pelvic inflammatory disease and endometriosis. Stress can also be a factor, as this issue often plays a part in various menstrual abnormalities. Finally, excessive use of some common legal drugs may also cause frequent menstruation, including alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine.

Pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, is a condition that often results in pelvic pain, a fever, and irregular vaginal bleeding, which may include frequent menstruation. PID is often caused by sexually transmitted diseases that most frequently include gonorrhea and chlamydia. The good news is that once the disease is treated with a few different antibiotics, the polymenorrhea should go away, along with the other symptoms. On the other hand, some women suffer from endometriosis, which can also cause frequent menstruation, in addition to pelvic pain and infertility. One of the most common treatments for endometriosis includes birth control pills, which can also usually get rid of the issue of multiple periods since most women use the pill to skip their period altogether.

Among the most common culprits of menstrual abnormalities is stress, so it stands to reason that this issue is sometimes the cause of too frequent menstruation. Both emotional and physical stress can change the hormonal balance in the body, leading to periods that are either delayed or too early. Of course, the issue of frequent menstruation should typically only last about as long as the stress does if this is indeed the cause. Thus, getting help for the stress, whether in the form of therapy or medication, may solve the problem.

The body also often sees certain medications as stressors, and they can have a negative impact on the reproductive system. For example, excessive caffeine intake can lead to frequent menstruation since it can interrupt the process of the corpus luteum, which produces progesterone so that the uterine lining can thicken up in preparation of possible implantation of an embryo. Use of nicotine through cigarettes can also have an impact on the menstrual cycle, as both the follicular and luteal phases may be shortened, leading to more frequent periods. Finally, excessive consumption of alcohol can also negatively affect the cycle, as it may reduce the ability of the liver to metabolize progesterone and estrogen correctly.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Autumn Rivers
By Autumn Rivers
Autumn Rivers, a talented writer for WiseGeek, holds a B.A. in Journalism from Arizona State University. Her background in journalism helps her create well-researched and engaging content, providing readers with valuable insights and information on a variety of subjects.
Discussion Comments
By candyquilt — On Oct 22, 2013

@fify-- I do experience irregular periods when I'm under a lot of stress at work, but they're usually late instead of early.

The only time I had frequent menstruation was when I took a morning after pill. The morning after pill prevents pregnancy by causing menstruation. But since I had just finished a period, it was weird to have another one so soon. I also felt very tired and moody.

By donasmrs — On Oct 22, 2013

@fify-- Has anything changed in your life? Are you under stress? Are you on new medications? Do you have another symptoms or health problems?

There can be many different causes of frequent menstrual periods and the article went through some. You might want to wait and see what happens next month. If everything is back to normal next month, it must be a temporary issue due to stress or natural hormonal changes. If you have the same issue next month, definitely make an appointment with your gynecologist.

By fify — On Oct 21, 2013

This month, I had two periods, a little over a week apart. I've never experienced menstrual problems like this before. I'm worried, what might be the cause? Should I see a doctor?

Autumn Rivers
Autumn Rivers
Autumn Rivers, a talented writer for WiseGeek, holds a B.A. in Journalism from Arizona State University. Her background in journalism helps her create well-researched and engaging content, providing readers with valuable insights and information on a variety of subjects.
WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.