There are three types of bulldogs — American, French, and English. While each of these breeds have slightly different characteristics, they all have the same grooming requirements. Grooming a bulldog generally involves frequent brushing, trimming the nails, bathing, and cleaning the ears and face. Special care must be paid to keeping the wrinkled areas of a bulldog's skin clean and dry.
One of the most important aspects of grooming a bulldog is brushing its coat at least three times a week. A brush with soft, flexible bristles should be used to do this. The first step is to brush against the fur from the back of the body up to the head. After that, the hair can be brushed with the grain from the head down the back of the body. This method of brushing removes dead hair and skin while distributing the natural oils of the bulldog's skin.
If brushing is done regularly, a bulldog will not usually need to be bathed very often. Most owners give their bulldog a bath once a month, or when the dog is visibly dirty or smelly. A high quality canine shampoo should be used all over the body. The face needs to be cleaned with a wet washcloth without soap. Cotton should be placed in the bulldog's ears to prevent water from entering the ear canal.
After a shampoo, a bulldog must be rinsed thoroughly. This is important to remove all traces of shampoo from the fur and any skin that has wrinkles. A bulldog can then be dried with a towel, or a blow dryer can be used.
Bulldogs are prone to eye discharge. When grooming a bulldog, the eye area needs to be gently cleaned and any prescribed ointment may be applied. The bulldog has a lot of wrinkles on its face and these need to be cleaned and dried to prevent bacteria growth and skin infections in the folds. In between baths, using infant wipes is a good way to clean the wrinkles of the face. Another part of grooming a bulldog is brushing its teeth, which can be done with a brush and toothpaste designed for dogs.
While grooming a bulldog, its nails should be clipped if necessary. This may be done as often as once a week. Long nails on a bulldog can spread out its toes and cause a paw deformity. Nail clippers or a nail filing tool can be purchased at a pet supply store. Nails should be short, but cutting too short can cause bleeding.