There are many flat stomach exercises that target the abdomen, and help to strengthen and tone the abdominal muscles. Different exercises target different areas of the abs, and it is important to vary the exercise routine in order to get a complete stomach workout. Keep in mind, however, that flat stomach exercises will not typically target belly fat; for that, it is necessary to change the diet and do aerobic activity.
The only way to get a truly flat stomach is to begin with a healthy diet and exercise plan. Aerobic exercise burns fat and calories, gets the heart rate up, and increases the metabolism. It is important to do aerobic exercise from three to five times per week for at least 30 minutes per session. Even a regular brisk walk can get the heart pumping and start getting rid of extra weight, often from around the stomach.
Flat stomach exercises should be incorporated into an overall healthy plan, as mentioned above. Some of the most basic flat stomach exercises are crunches and sit-ups; crunches are recommended more often. To do a crunch, lie flat on the floor with the knees bent and the feet flat on the floor. The hands may be in front of the chest or behind the neck to support it. Contract the muscles in the abdomen, and raise the torso slightly without rounding the back; then slowly release back to the ground.
This is a basic crunch that is a very effective flat stomach exercise. Count to see how many crunches can be done, then try to regularly increase it a little at a time. There are a number of variations on flat stomach exercises that can also be very effective. For instance, some people use an exercise ball on which to do crunches, because it allows the abs to be stretched more, which makes the exercise more challenging.
Another option is to lie on the back as with a standard crunch, but to raise and lower the legs while keeping them straight; this works the muscles in the lower abdomen. Some people choose to pump the legs as on a bicycle. A side plank is another type of exercise that works the abdominal muscles on the sides of the body. Try to incorporate all of these different flat stomach exercises into a workout for the best and most comprehensive effect. Search online for even more ideas for variations on abdominal workouts.