We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What are Neurotic Disorders?

By Amanda Barnhart
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Neurotic disorders are mental or psychological problems that tend to revolve around anxiety and distress over certain circumstances. They stand apart from other mental health conditions because they don’t usually have outward manifestations like hallucinations or delusions. This can make them harder to diagnose at first, and also easier for people to suffer unnoticed. The most common neurotic-type disorders include anxiety, intense phobias, and post-traumatic stress disorder; obsessive-compulsive disorder is usually included, too. Somatization, which is a stress-related condition, and dissociation, which can cause people to display multiple personalities, are less common but no less serious. Most of these are highly treatable with medication and counseling, though success often depends a lot on the individual and his or her specific circumstances.

Anxiety

Anxiety is a component of some of the most common neurotic disorders. Experts including the American Psychiatric Association estimate that as high as 5% of the general population is affected by some form of anxiety-related disorder. Common symptoms include tremors, muscle tension, sweating, and hyperventilation, often in response to situations that aren’t objectively stressful or difficult. Psychological treatment and medications, such as benzodiazepines and antidepressants, can help many individuals with anxiety disorders to manage their symptoms.

Phobias

Individuals with phobias experience intense and irrational fears of objects or situations that usually lead them to avoid that particular thing or scenario. While many fears do not interfere with daily life, excessive phobias that dominate a person’s thoughts or consciousness usually require psychological treatment. Treatment usually centers on gradually exposing the patient to the source of the fear and reducing anxiety over time.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects people who have witnessed or have been exposed to traumatizing experiences. This neurotic disorder is commonly seen in soldiers who return from war situations and witnesses to violent crimes. PTSD patients often relive the trauma through flashbacks and dreams, which can lead to insomnia, paranoia, and social withdrawal.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common neurotic disorder that causes repetitive behaviors and thoughts to preoccupy an individual’s life. Many people diagnosed with this create daily rituals in which they must do things a certain amount of times or a particular way. For example, a sufferer with a fear of germs or illness may wash his hands many times each day, even to the point of making them bleed. Medications and psychological treatment, including behavior modification, are generally successful methods for many obsessive-compulsive patients.

Somatization

Somatization disorder causes individuals to display psychological stress as physical symptoms. Somatic symptoms are physical symptoms that a patient feels, but that cannot be medically validated through testing and other diagnostic procedures. Psychological treatment is the best course of action for people suffering from this, though many patients resist psychiatric intervention because they believe their symptoms to be truly physical in nature.

Dissociation

Dissociation disorders cause individuals to display different personalities. These sorts of disorders are less common, but a significant percentage of people hospitalized for psychiatric problems display symptoms of dissociative identity disorder, according to foremost experts. These patients often suffer from memory problems as well. Dissociation disorders can be difficult to treat. A combination of individual and group psychotherapy is usually the best method, but many people never recover completely, and may struggle with multiple identities for life.

Treatment and General Management

There’s usually a wide spectrum when it comes to how sufferers manage their conditions, and how the conditions directly impact their lives. People often live for years with anxiety or PTSD without ever being treated, for instance, though treatment almost always improves their quality of life. Diagnosis is often the first step, and this is usually made after a series of examinations and conversations with a health care provider.

In some cases that provider might recommend certain stabilizing pharmaceutical drugs. Cognitive therapy is also frequently part of the treatment plan. Most people who suffer from neurological disorders benefit from one-on-one counseling where they can explore the roots of the problem with a trained therapist. Most people who seek treatment are able to live full lives despite their diagnosis, and many are able to overcome the condition entirely.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.