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The best teaching degree courses depend on what grade level and subject you want to teach. Of course, there are standard courses every teacher much take. Depending on what kind of teacher you want to be, though, a variation on certain educational courses or different courses altogether can give you the best teacher education. If you are unsure about which courses to take, talking to your university/college adviser will make the process of choosing teaching degree courses much easier.
Requirements to obtain a teaching license/certificate vary among regions and countries. Once you know the requirements, furthering your education is usually the second step. Undergraduate and graduate level education programs exist in most major cities. These programs generally include both course work and a student teaching placement; the latter can last anywhere from six months to a year. No matter what kind of teacher you want to be, it is likely the first courses you take will be introductory in nature.
There are many classes that all teachers must take. One of these courses is educational psychology. This course will give you insight into the way students' minds function. You will learn many psychological theories presented over the past hundred years and how they influenced modern education. If you are earning an advanced degree, you may perform original research into this topic as part of your studies.
Other mandatory teaching degree courses may be geared to the age group you are going to teach. For example, if your plan is to teach at the secondary level, your human development course may focus more on how adolescents develop physically and mentally. Even if this option exists at your college or university, your instruction will likely still go over the other stages of development just to give you a more well-rounded education.
Depending on how structured your teacher education program is, you may have the opportunity to choose some of your teaching degree courses. If you are unsure about which courses would be right for you, talking to your college/university adviser is generally the best idea. After talking with him or her, you will have a much better idea about what classes will do you the most good as a future teacher.
If you have the opportunity to take elective courses during your teacher education program, you may want to consider taking courses in the subject you will eventually teach. Doing well in elective courses will prove to employers that you are comfortable with your subject material. If these electives are unavailable, taking extra teaching degree courses in subjects such as classroom management and lesson planning will make your transition into the classroom easier.