Diabetes mellitus treatment options are designed to maintain blood sugar levels that are as close to normal as possible. Choosing the best treatment is different for each patient, and a doctor can help to determine the best options on an individual basis. Some of the different diabetes mellitus treatment options include dietary changes, lifestyle modifications, and the use of prescription medications. Any questions or concerns about the various treatment methods available should be discussed with a doctor or other medical professional.
Dietary changes are frequently recommended as the first line of treatment for diabetes mellitus. Controlling blood sugar levels depends largely on eating the right kinds of foods and avoiding those foods that are known to elevate glucose levels in the blood. Frequent small meals that are high in fiber and low in saturated fats are typically recommended. Foods containing sugar are usually limited or avoided. A doctor, dietitian, or nutritionist can help the patient develop a healthy meal plan that will assist in keeping blood sugar levels under control.
Lifestyle modifications can also be important components of diabetes mellitus treatment. Adopting a regular exercise routine may help to prevent some of the potential complications of diabetes, such as stroke and heart disease. The diabetic patient should also avoid nicotine and alcohol as much as possible. Blood sugar levels should be checked frequently and written down. Having this record will help both the patient and the doctor make necessary treatment changes to help keep blood sugar levels under control.
Unfortunately, prescription medications are a necessary diabetes mellitus treatment option for many diabetic patients. Some patients may be able to take oral medications, while others may need to use injections to properly manage blood sugar levels. It is vitally important for the patient to take these medications exactly as prescribed by a doctor.
Oral medications may be considered when blood sugar levels are just beginning to be unpredictable and are used along with dietary changes and lifestyle modifications. Some diabetic patients may not be candidates for oral medications, so good communication with a doctor is essential. In many cases, oral medications are used along with injections, which are typically taken at home by the patient.
Insulin is a natural hormone that is normally produced by the body. Diabetic patients may need to inject a synthetic form of this hormone into the body in order to regulate blood sugar levels. The doctor or medical staff will train the patient on the correct way to perform these injections.