We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

How do I Choose the Best Aplastic Anemia Treatment?

By D. Jeffress
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Aplastic anemia is a serious disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough new, healthy blood cells. In the most severe forms, people experience constant fatigue, shortness of breath, headaches, and heart problems. The condition can be fatal without the proper treatment and ongoing symptom management. Choosing the best aplastic anemia treatment is a collaborative effort between the patient and doctors from many different specialties. Depending on underlying causes and the severity of symptoms, aplastic anemia treatment may involve blood transfusions, bone marrow transplants, immune system-suppressing medications, or a combination of all three.

People who have relatively minor varieties of aplastic anemia in which their blood cell counts are only slightly lower than average may not need any direct treatment. Doctors simply schedule regular appointments so conditions can be monitored closely. Since low white blood cell counts leave people more susceptible to infections and bleeding complications, antibiotics and blood thickening agents may be prescribed.

Moderate anemia is likely to cause noticeable symptoms, such as fatigue, rapid heart rate, and easy bleeding. The most common moderate aplastic anemia treatment measure is periodic blood transfusions. When new blood is given, a medication called cyclosporine is also administered to temporarily reduce the immune system's response and reduce the risk of the body rejecting donor blood. Patients may need to receive several transfusions a year from a matching donor to combat symptoms. Blood transfusions cannot cure aplastic anemia, but they are generally affective at making life manageable while living with the condition.

A severe case of aplastic anemia that does not respond well to blood transfusions may require more aggressive treatment. Healthy bone marrow tissue from a donor can be grafted into a patient's bones to replace dysfunctional tissue. Bone marrow transplants are most effective when the donor is a sibling, but donated tissue from a non-related person with the same blood type still works most of the time. After just a single transplant, most patients are able to recover without ever experiencing recurring anemia. Doctors take extreme precautions during and after transplantation to make sure the patient's body does not reject the grafted material.

Another option for aplastic anemia treatment is a regimen of immunosuppressant drugs. Medical therapy is usually reserved for cases when transfusions fail to relieve symptoms and a suitable donor for bone marrow transplant cannot be found. After performing extensive diagnostic tests, a team of doctors can choose the most appropriate mixture of aplastic anemia treatment medications to give. Cyclosporine limits the production of harmful autoantibodies, and anti-thymocyte globulin, a chemical derived from horses, prevents the immune system from attacking new blood cells. Additional immunosuppressants and drugs to combat infection and inflammation can also be given to provide the best possible chances of recovery.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.

Discussion Comments

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.