The specific process you will need to undergo in order to become a licensed roofer will usually vary depending on where you live and intend to work. In the United States, for example, each state has different requirements for candidates, and it will be necessary to research these requirements ahead of time in order to become a licensed roofer in a particular state. Regardless of the rules and regulations, you will almost certainly need to have prior experience in roofing in order to qualify for the licensing process.
You can get such experience by taking on a trainee position or an apprenticeship under a current licensed roofer. During this training period, you will earn all the skills and knowledge necessary to become a licensed roofer yourself. At the very least, you will learn the basic knowledge you will need to pass the licensing exam. Learn as much as possible about safety procedures, materials for roofing, tools used during the roofing process, and even the business end of running a roofing company. You can begin the path to become a licensed roofer as early as high school, but you should be sure to look into local or regional laws regarding the minimum age to work legally.
Once you have gotten some experience and feel comfortable with your skills, you will need to sign up for the licensing exam. It is a good idea to schedule the exam well ahead of time so you have time to prepare for it. Study materials are often available, and you can get a hold of such materials by contacting the testing center. Talk to people who have taken the licensing exam before so you can get an understanding of what materials will be on the exam. There is usually a fee associated with taking the exam, so do some research to ensure you have the money to pay for the test.
After passing the licensing exam, you can become a licensed roofer, but you will need to decide whether you intend to work for a roofing company or branch out on your own. It may be worthwhile to start your career working for an existing roofing company so you can save money while learning skills. When you feel comfortable with your abilities, you can begin to take steps to start your own roofing business. If you choose to start your own business right away, be ready to take all the legal steps necessary to establish your business.