What is Schizotypal Personality Disorder?

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  • Written By: Meshell Powell
  • Edited By: Jenn Walker
  • Last Modified Date: 25 January 2020
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Schizotypal personality disorder is the name given to a specific type of psychiatric disorder. This condition causes problems developing and maintaining relationships with others and may also cause difficulties with thought patterns and behavior. The exact cause of this condition is unknown, though it is thought to be more common among people who have a family history of psychological disorders. Treatment for schizotypal personality disorder often requires the use of antipsychotic medications, preferably combined with talk therapy.

At first glance, people who suffer from schizotypal personality disorder may just be thought of as a bit odd or eccentric. These people often have very few, if any, close personal relationships and may experience great anxiety in social situations. It is common for those suffering from schizotypal personality disorder to blame their lack of social skills on others.

Patients with schizotypal personality disorder are typically suspicious of everyone and may be extraordinarily paranoid. Many of these patients believe they possess special powers, such as telepathy. A person suffering from this disorder may have strong emotional reactions to minor issues while not showing any emotion when a major event occurs. Unusual or abnormal responses to everyday occurrences are extremely common in those suffering from schizotypal personality disorder.


It is sometimes easy to confuse schizotypal personality disorder with another psychiatric disorder known as schizophrenia. It is important to note that these are two entirely different disorders. The chief difference is that patients with schizotypal personality disorder do not usually lose touch with reality for prolonged periods of time the way those with schizophrenia are prone to doing. Patients suffering with this disorder may not realize they have a problem and may only seek medical assistance at the urging of a close friend or family member.

Antipsychotic medications are the typical method of treatment for schizotypal personality disorder. These medications often help the patient maintain a stronger grip on reality. If the patient is willing, talk therapy coupled with the prescription medications may provide more complete relief from the symptoms of the disorder. It is important for the patient to know that someone understands what is going on and is willing to listen and provide assistance. This type of therapy is often helpful for close family members or caregivers as well, as dealing with a loved one who has been diagnosed with a personality disorder can be difficult and emotionally draining without a proper support system.



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Post 1

This sadly sounds a lot like me. I was bullied for most of my life and my own friends emotionally and mentally abused me. Some went further and physically abused me and I held on because I was afraid of being alone. Now I have no clue how to make friends on my own or what's normal or not normal in friendships. -- Cryssi

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