What Is Involved in Colon Inflammation Treatment?

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  • Written By: C. Webb
  • Edited By: Daniel Lindley
  • Last Modified Date: 08 May 2020
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    Conjecture Corporation
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Colon inflammation treatment typically depends on the cause of inflammation. In most cases, the colon gets inflamed due to ulcerative colitis, also called Crohn's disease. Colon inflammation can also be caused by colon cancer. Once the underlying condition is effectively treated, the inflammation usually clears up. Doctors often prescribe anti-inflammatory medication as a colon inflammation treatment in conjunction with treating the cause.

In addition to inflammation, ulcerative colitis triggers several symptoms, including stomach cramping, bloody diarrhea, and the sudden urge to have a bowel movement. The severity of the disease at the time of diagnosis is typically as bad as it will get. Rarely, the patient's condition will worsen over time.

Preferred colon inflammation treatment when the inflammation is caused by ulcerative colitis ranges from medication to surgery. When ulcerative colitis is confined to the rectum area, there is a better prognosis, and medication can typically clear up the inflammation. If the entire colon is involved, the prognosis is not as positive, and surgery may be needed.

Surgery for ulcerative colitis involves removing much of the affected portion of the colon. Tests to determine the disease's extent include a barium enema x-ray or a colonoscopy. Once the stage of the inflammation is measured, the decision for surgery or medication can be made.

The most serious form of ulcerative colitis, called fulminant colitis, can be life-threatening. The inflammation is so extensive that the colon may rupture. Emergency surgery is the preferred treatment plan in almost all such cases.

Another medical condition that can trigger colon inflammation is colon cancer. Ulcerative colitis puts patients at an increased risk of later developing colon cancer. Inflammation of the colon caused by colon cancer is treated by addressing the cancer.

In most cases, this includes surgery. In many post-surgery cases, chemotherapy and radiation is recommended. While these treatments are underway, the doctor may also prescribe strong anti-inflammatory medications.

A medical consultation should be sought whenever symptoms of colon inflammation are present. A diagnosis can be made and treatment discussed. Choosing the best colon inflammation treatment will depend on the cause, the patient's general overall health, and past medical history.


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