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What Is HTML Programming?

Article Details
  • Written By: G. Wiesen
  • Edited By: Shereen Skola
  • Last Modified Date: 04 August 2017
  • Copyright Protected:
    2003-2017
    Conjecture Corporation
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A programmer utilizes the syntax of hypertext markup language (HTML) to create a document through HTML programming that can be viewed as an Internet webpage. At its most basic, this is done through the use of markup tags that surround text in order to indicate how the final page should appear to a web browser. This is typically done in a text document through a simple plain text editor or similar program. More complicated forms of HTML programming can include video clips, animations, audio, and other elements or make use of style sheets to create more engrossing and unique websites.

Much like other forms of coding, the process of HTML programming usually involves the creation of code in the form of a text document. HTML specifically uses tags that indicate various pieces of information, including what text in a document is part of an HTML creation, designating different sections of the code as they relate to the final webpage, and how text and other features should appear on the page. This is accomplished through the use of markup or HTML tags that typically take the form of pairs of angle brackets that surround different pieces of information. The tags created in HTML programming are then read by web browser software to display a website for a viewer.

Different tags can be used in HTML programming for a wide range of purposes, including formatting and generating the content of a webpage. The use of HTML tags at the very beginning and end of a document indicates to a web browser that the body of that document can be read as a webpage. Within that document, someone can then use HTML programming to indicate different paragraphs, headlines, formatting for text and images on a webpage, and to set the background image for a page. Tags are even used to control minor things on a webpage, such as italics or bold font.

Once someone has a strong understanding of HTML programming, then he or she can create a wide range of different types of web pages. Animations and video clips can be added to a site through HTML tags, using different instructions to indicate where they should appear on a page, how large they should be, and even the way in which they should play when viewed by a web browser. More complex methods of HTML programming can include the use of style sheets to more uniquely add different effects and features to a site. These style sheets, along with other additions such as widgets and the use of different utilities and secondary programs, can make a fairly simple website far more interesting and useful.

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