What is Bumetanide?

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  • Written By: K.C. Bruning
  • Edited By: John Allen
  • Last Modified Date: 21 October 2018
  • Copyright Protected:
    Conjecture Corporation
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Bumetanide is a diuretic, also known as a water pill. It is typically prescribed to reduce water retention and swelling, though it has also been used to treat high blood pressure. Bumetanide can be prescribed to supplement treatment for conditions such as congestive heart failure and liver or heart disease. It is sold under the product name Bumex®.

The drug works by prompting the kidneys to purge the body of excess salt and water. This refuse is then removed from the body through urination. As diuretics cause frequent urination, patients taking bumetanide should drink extra fluids in order to avoid dehydration. A doctor can provide guidance as to what amount and type of fluids should be consumed.

Bumetanide comes in tablet form. It is typically prescribed to be taken once daily, in the morning. The prescribing doctor will usually conduct regular blood tests in order to ensure that the drug is having the desired effect. Bumetanide is often prescribed to be combined with a regular daily exercise program and special diet. A diet for a patient on diuretics typically consists of foods with low salt and sodium content and a high amount of potassium, which can be found in orange juice, bananas, prunes, and supplements.


It is important to report a full medical history to the prescribing doctor as some conditions may make taking bumetanide too risky. In other cases the doctor may only need to monitor the patient more carefully while they are taking the drug. Some of the conditions that may prove problematic include kidney or liver difficulties, diabetes, and gout. Women who are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or nursing should not take bumetanide. Both the prescribing doctor and dentist should also know if a patient is planning to have dental surgery while on the drug.

When first taking bumetanide, patients can experience frequent urination for several hours after a dose. After a few weeks of taking the drug, urination should return to normal frequency. Some other common side effects of bumetanide include thirst, weakness, dizziness, and faintness. Patients may also experience upset stomach, vomiting, diarrhea, or muscle cramps.

There are also several possible severe side effects from taking bumetanide. These include breathing or swallowing problems, rash with peeling skin, and a sore throat with fever. Some patients also experience hearing loss or ringing in the ears. There may also be uncharacteristic bruising or bleeding. All of these symptoms should be reported to a medical professional as soon as possible.



Discuss this Article

Post 1

I had to take bumetanide to relieve my edema brought on by my high blood pressure. I urinated so much during my first week of taking it that I was afraid I couldn’t drink enough water to keep hydrated! I had to take bottled water with me everywhere I went.

I had to urinate every thirty minutes. Luckily, during my second week of taking bumetanide, I only had to go once every hour.

I’m not sure which was harder - having to urinate all the time or giving up my salty foods. I love potato chips, and I had to start eating the low sodium kind, which just doesn’t satisfy the craving.

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