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What Is Aerobic Training?

Jogging provides an aerobic workout.
Cross-country skiing is a popular aerobic activity.
Swimming is an aerobic exercise, but the right form takes time.
Article Details
  • Written By: Sara Schmidt
  • Edited By: Andrew Jones
  • Last Modified Date: 10 July 2014
  • Copyright Protected:
    2003-2014
    Conjecture Corporation
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Many different forms of fitness training are available for people who wish to get in shape. One of the most popular methods to attain physical fitness is through aerobic training. Aerobic conditioning is a rhythmic activity that promotes healthy heart and lung function.

An aerobic workout should take place during a minimum of fifteen to twenty minutes, though it can be longer. Athletes are encouraged to maintain over half and up to eighty percent of their maximum heart rate during aerobic exercise. After exercisers begin at a comfortable level, they often increase to a greater intensity.

Each person's heart rate and tolerance level will differ on an individual basis. A physician or personal trainer can help new aerobic exercisers discern these factors, and implement them into a healthy fitness program. As with any exercise training endeavor, a physician should be consulted prior to beginning to ensure the patient's safety.

Aerobic training consists of lengthy duration and low intensity. Some popular aerobic activities include biking, cross-country skiing, jogging, walking, and swimming. Most fitness centers also host aerobics courses to target certain areas, help participants lose weight, or instruct a specific method of working out.

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For those who wish to work out in the comfort of their own homes, aerobic training programs are available on video. Many popular aerobic trainers, such as Richard Simmons, Billy Blanks, and Judi Sheppard Missett have fostered their own different types of aerobic training. The variety of programs available makes home aerobic workouts a convenient and enjoyable option.

During an aerobic workout, various levels of intensity may be experienced. Many athletes begin with slow to moderate exercise, increasing their intensity during the middle of the workout. Once the high point, also known as the athlete's goal or target zone, is reached, a gradual decrease back to a moderate level of exercise is usually completed. This gradual decrease is known as a cool down.

Preventing cardiovascular disease is a motivator for many aerobic endurance exercisers. This kind of exercise promotes lung and health heart by increasing the amount of oxygen in the body. People hoping to lose weight may also adopt an aerobics program. Other reasons why people engage in aerobic activities include a desire to increase energy and stamina, decrease depression, anxiety, and fatigue, tone and tighten muscles, and regulate sleeping habits.

The term aerobic means with air, or with oxygen. People participating in aerobic training should be able to maintain short conversations while completing their workouts. Exercisers should not have to gasp for air during this type of fitness training.

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