What is a Robotic Vacuum Cleaner?

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  • Written By: S. Scolari
  • Edited By: L. S. Wynn
  • Last Modified Date: 15 August 2019
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A robotic vacuum cleaner is a compact mechanical device that does not require a human to run it. Like pool cleaners, they are small, round, and move automatically to pick up dirt. Advances in microchip technology have created these lightweight, cordless vacuums that rely on infrared technology to help them avoid bumping into walls and to navigate around furniture. The round robotic vacuum is protected by a rubber bumper around its circumference. Some models come with a wall-mounted storage bracket.

These second-generation "smart" vacuums have distinct advantages over their larger counterparts. They can be programed with the press of a button or operated by a remote. They can vacuum under beds, tables, and chairs and along baseboards and corners more easily. Side brushes allow them to clean more effectively in these areas. They do not require bags and can be programmed to work while you are away or asleep. The vacuum will shut itself off when finished.

These robotic vacuums are also quieter than uprights or canister vacuums. Typically, they run on rechargeable batteries. One robotic model on the market will run for 90 minutes on one charge. The battery is included with purchase. It also has an adjustable timer. This allows you to program the vacuum cleaner's run time based on the size of the room.


Additional features include "Spot Clean," which tells the device where to concentrate its efforts, (for small areas) and "Max Clean," which tells it that heavy-duty cleaning is required. The vacuum will then make multiple passes.

Frequent vacuuming is important to maintain a healthy environment. Robotic vacuum cleaners operate like their larger counterparts. They will clean on a variety of surfaces, including carpets, tile, and hardwood floors. They will also vacuum up many things, including food spills, pet hair, pet dander and dust. Dust removal is particularly important because it may harbor dust mites. Dust mites are microscopic creatures that are known to aggravate allergies, asthma, emphysema, and other breathing conditions in people.

The cost of robotic vacuum cleaners is becoming more and more reasonable as popularity and production increases. They are available in specialty stores, department stores, and online.



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