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What is a Power Supply Regulator?

Article Details
  • Written By: Malcolm Tatum
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 01 November 2016
  • Copyright Protected:
    2003-2016
    Conjecture Corporation
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A power supply regulator is a device that makes it possible to control the flow and type of current that is conveyed through an electrical system. Devices of this type are used in a number of settings in order to prevent the possibility of too much current passing through the system at one time and resulting in the breakdown of the system due to the voltage overload. Utility companies, factories and even a number of commercial buildings make use of power supply regulator technology as part of their basic wiring design, a move that helps to enhance both the efficient use of power and the safety of those who work in and around those devices.

The basic power supply regulator makes it possible to control the output of the voltage that is conveyed through an electrical system. When functioning properly, the regulator ensures that enough current is received by the connected devices to operate within normal limits. At the same time, controlling the voltage output means that the system is not adversely affected by power surges or other issues that could damage equipment or create dangerous situations for those who work around the equipment. From this perspective, the power supply regulator aids in lengthening the life of various electrical appliances and equipment, while also making it relatively safe to use those devices.

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Many types of devices are equipped with some type of power supply regulator. This includes everyday appliances and electrical tools like computers and mobile phones. Regulators help to control mobile power supply so that the units have enough power to function but do not experience surges that can permanently damage circuits. The same general approach is present with a laptop power supply, in that the regulator controls the power supply input during battery charging as well as when the device is connected directly into a power source.

The use of a power supply regulator is also an integral component in any process that includes the use of an adjustable power supply. Regulators of this type can be programmed to match specifications with the level of power that is currently required for certain tasks, automatically reducing the voltage supply when those tasks are complete. This particular type of regulator not only aids in increasing the life of the devices in use but also aids in reducing utility costs, making the power supply regulator ideal for a number of business and commercial settings.

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