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What is a Home Network Router?

Article Details
  • Written By: Harriette Halepis
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 13 August 2017
  • Copyright Protected:
    2003-2017
    Conjecture Corporation
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A home network router is a small electronic device. This device allows various people within a home to use the same computer network at once. The router itself acts as the main center of the network, and other computers, printers, and electronic devices can be attached to this network. A home network router makes sharing files, an Internet connection, printer, and game console a lot easier.

There are a number of different home network routers that you can select from. Every type of router made for a home network will serve its purpose. The main thing to remember when choosing a router is to select one that is strong enough for your home. Most routers will only work up to a certain distance, which is why it's important to look at the back of any router box. Compare the estimated router distance with your home's square footage. This way, you will be able to select the right router for your home network.

After purchasing a home network router, it's crucial that you set up your router properly. As with any other electronic device, such as a computer, a router must be configured according to a unique Internet Protocol (IP) address. This address identifies your computer's network, and allows a router to work with your computer.

While it may sound complicated, configuring a home network router is actually easy to do. Each router comes with a clear set of instructions that are relatively simple to follow. In addition, each router manufacturer can be contacted for further clarification. With the help of the router instruction in conjunction with customer service help, you should be able to configure your router properly. Also, all routers come with optional security features that should be activated.

Wireless routers allow users to share file information from one computer to another, and they also allow a user to set up a WiFi connection. A WiFi connection, named for WiFi Alliance Publications, makes it possible to connect a wireless device, such as a laptop, to the Internet. To set up this type of connection, your computer must have a wireless network adapter. In addition to computers, game consoles, and printers, a home network router can also be connected to a home security system. Home routers are useful in a number of different ways. From connecting your home computers to running camera surveillance through your network, these small electronic boxes serve many unique purposes.

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