What are the Most Common Sinus Problems?

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  • Written By: Sarah Sullins
  • Edited By: Jenn Walker
  • Last Modified Date: 09 October 2018
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Some of the most common sinus problems that people experience include a stuffy head, headache, congestion, and a runny nose. Many also complain of pressure in and around the nose, in the cheeks, and behind the eyes. A person might also experience difficulty breathing through his nose. Severity of these sinus problems will vary, typically depending on a person’s predisposition to sinusitis, whether the infection is acute or chronic, and the initial cause.

The sinuses are cavities located inside the bones around the nose. These cavities are filled with air, are hollow, and usually drain mucus into the nasal cavity. When the sinus cavities become blocked, they are unable to drain the way they should, causing a buildup of mucus. This can result in such sinus problems as pressure and pain in the facial area.

Blockages of the sinus cavities may occur for a couple of different reasons. Allergens can cause swelling of the membranes that are located in the nose, which can press up against the nasal cavities, causing them to shut. A person’s anatomy may also be the cause of blocked cavities, particularly if that person’s sinuses are especially narrow. Sinus problems such as blockages may also occur because a person’s nose is too dry.


An unhealthy immune system may also cause issues that might result in sinusitis. Many medical professionals argue that a good, balanced diet may help boost the immune system, helping to prevent sinus problems. Some also believe that the avoidance of certain foods that people are sensitive to or allergic to can help control issues that occur with the sinuses.

Issues with the sinuses are generally divided into two groups: acute and chronic. Acute sinus problems may or may not be severe, will usually appear quickly after a person has suffered a cold or a bout with the flu, and will usually disappear within four weeks time. Chronic issues will be ongoing, may get worse, and at times may be severe. Acute sinusitis that is left untreated may turn into a chronic problem.

Regardless of the cause of the sinus blockage, the result is typically a buildup of mucus, which may become a home to germs that cause other issues. Medical treatment is typically needed and advised to help prevent the occurrence of new and worse infections. Home remedies may be substituted for traditional medical treatment if the sinus infection is not severe.



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