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What are the Different Types of Hyperpigmentation Products?

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  • Written By: Amy Hunter
  • Edited By: Andrew Jones
  • Last Modified Date: 27 December 2019
  • Copyright Protected:
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    Conjecture Corporation
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Different types of hyperpigmentation products include alpha hydroxy acid, kojic acid, hydroquinone, and, as a preventative, sunscreen. The different types of hyperpigmentation products are most effective if used together. A dermatologist can examine the areas of discoloration and determine what treatment plan is most appropriate for your skin.

Hyperpigmentation is a condition where the skin develops uneven coloring, in patches, brown spots, or as freckles. Hyperpigmentation is the result of excessive melanin, which is the dark pigment that is responsible for skin, hair, and eye coloring. When the excessive melanin builds up on the skin, it forms dark patches. The most common reason for hyperpigmenation is sun exposure, although medications, hormonal changes, and acne can all exasperate the condition.

Acid products, such as alpha hydroxy acid, speed up the turnover of skin cells. This exfoliates the discolored skin cells, removing them from the skin. Acid creams can be applied all over the face, as the increased exfoliation has additional benefits, such as improving skin tone. Hydroquinone lightens skin, and should only be applied to the dark spots. Finally, use a quality sunscreen that blocks both UVA and UVB rays. This will prevent hyperpigmentation from redeveloping in the same spots.

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Different types of hyperpigmentation products are available in different formulas. For someone with sensitive skin, a rich cream may reduce irritation. People who suffer from breakouts may find that serums are less likely to clog pores and lead to breakouts.

Regardless of the formula chosen, watch for signs of irritation, such as redness, peeling, excessive dryness, or itching. Stop using the acid containing moisturizer for a few days while the irritation subsides. When you resume using the product, apply every three days for several weeks. Gradually increase the frequency to every other day, and then daily. If signs of irritation persist, your skin may not tolerate the product, and you should try one of the other types of hyperpigmentation products.

Some patches of hyperpigmentation will respond to different types of hyperpigmentation products. If fading does not occur within three months, the dark patches have probably penetrated several layers into the skin. Visit a dermatologist to discuss your options. Choices include dermabrasion, chemical peels, and laser treatments.

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