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Hiking tents available in a variety of different styles, shapes, sizes and materials. The tent components generally comprise of setting up or framing poles, outer netting, inner shell and ground sheet; the poles and other solid parts of the tent may be of aluminum, carbon fiber and fiberglass, while the fabrics used may be of cotton, nylon or polyester. The tents may be freestanding or may need to be staked to the ground with guy lines.
Different types of activities will require different types of hiking tents. People going on a hiking tour or a cross-country walking tour, for example, will do well to get hiking tents that are made of lightweight materials. This will mean less weight to lug around along with the rucksack and will make for a more pleasant trip.
In case of adventure tourism in natural environments, where the intention may be to camp out for several days, the hiking tents will need to be durable and capable of withstanding inclement weather conditions. The tent should be able to tolerate strong gales, and keep the rainwater out. It should also be able to provide some amount of warmth to the occupants.
Some hiking tents are specifically intended to withstand certain weather conditions. For instance, tents that can be used in snow or hurricane conditions will be made of extra-thick, water-resistant fabrics, will have a more aerodynamic design, and will be provided with an extra-strong metal framework. Tents to be used for an active vacation in more favorable climes will have lighter fabrics and a lighter framework, and tents that are used in hot climates may have fly covers with UV protection. There are hiking tents with side entrances, windows, vestibules, and also storage space for luggage. It is important for all hiking tents to have adequate ventilation.
Size is another essential consideration when it comes to selecting hiking tents. A single tent may suffice for a solo trip, but if two or more people are going along, it will help to pick a double tent or a larger, more appropriate tent size. Apart from meaning less cramped conditions for the occupants, extra tent space can come in useful if the weather turns bad and it becomes necessary to cook inside the tent. It should be remembered though that the larger the tent size, the heavier the tent, and this aspect should be discussed with the hiking guide before setting off; it may be possible to carry the tent components separately to ease the burden, or it may be necessary to take turns in carrying the hiking tent.
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