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What Are the Different Methods of Computer Security Assessment?

Article Details
  • Written By: K'Lee Banks
  • Edited By: Jessica Seminara
  • Last Modified Date: 04 October 2017
  • Copyright Protected:
    2003-2017
    Conjecture Corporation
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Computer security assessment is essential in this digital age, since risks advance at almost the same pace as computer technology does. A simple home computer not connected to a network, which is rare, has the least chance of being compromised. Computers connected to the Internet, however, all have some degree of risk. Antivirus programs are the first line of defense a computer has against unwanted intrusions. Other methods of computer security assessment include computer network security software, scanning tools for system vulnerabilities, and protocols to limit access to computer networks.

Network security is a primary concern in regard to computer security assessment. While the home computer not connected to any network is not at risk from outside intrusions, networked machines require information protection, data protection, and some type of network security. The correct computer security software can control a substantial degree of network security. One of the first steps in securing one’s system is restricting access from non-authorized individuals.

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Specially designed programs that look for vulnerabilities in the computer, its network, or both, can provide computer security assessment. Computer technology advances almost daily, and keeping up with the progress can introduce new risks at the same rate. It is essential, therefore, that users assess their computer systems and networks on a regular basis to keep the information protected. Reputable antivirus programs are just one method users can employ to assess their security, since these programs are routinely updated to combat the latest threats. Using the scanning tools that are generally integrated into these programs is an excellent way to locate any system vulnerabilities.

One of the primary recommended methods of computer security assessment begins with limiting access to the computer network. Determining who has access to a given network can reveal the security of a system or network. Limiting access to only those with proper authorization can make the assessment process much easier.

Individuals may choose from a multitude of available programs that automate the assessment process and reveal any potential threats or avenues of intrusion. Information security is an essential part of computer technology. One can employ antivirus programs and other computer software to combat the ever-present threats, but simple implementation is not always enough. Keeping these programs up to date is equally important for computer security assessment.

For instance, Microsoft® releases periodic updates to its software in an attempt to limit or eliminate any newly found vulnerabilities. Since not all software companies do this, it is important for users to be diligent to keep other brands of antivirus and computer security software up to date. Checking version dates on such programs is another way to assess a computer’s overall security.

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