What are the Different Law Enforcement Systems?

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  • Written By: Erin J. Hill
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 23 August 2019
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Law enforcement systems involve any organization that helps to ensure that rules and laws are followed, with separate branches or systems governing their specific sectors of law. Aside from the police department and FBI, and investigators that are seen working amongst the public, there are detectives, fraud teams within the IRS, bomb squads, and an entire host of other law enforcement systems that work together to ensure the safety and welfare of citizens everywhere.

The police department is perhaps the most well-known sector of many law enforcement systems. These professionals are on the front lines of protecting and serving civilians. This branch of law enforces traffic laws, misdemeanor offenses, and is generally the first on the scene of any major felony. Police officers have the authority to arrest and search anyone deemed a threat to society.

Other law enforcement systems involve the prosecution and defense of suspected criminals. These officials include judges and court associates, and it is their job to listen to a case and enforce sentences on those who are convicted of a crime. Additional personnel with this law enforcement system include bailiffs, court appointed attorneys, and transcribers.


Tax collections and fraud investigation is another of the law enforcement systems. These individuals enforce tax laws, and investigate those who are suspected of tax fraud. They are also there to assist those who need help filing or paying taxes to avoid negative actions from being taken against citizens who cannot pay on time.

Detectives and investigators are another law enforcement systems branch. There are police-appointed detectives who work directly for the government, as well as private detectives who work for law enforcement officials or citizens in under covering crimes and foul play of different degrees. This area of law enforcement can also include the CIA, FBI, and other worldwide organizations who work directly for the government to investigate a host of fraud, espionage, and other crimes.

Behind the scenes law enforcement systems include things like network security and internal network security. The professionals in these fields are specially trained in computer systems and have the skills necessary to block online or internal predators through innovative software and hardware. This system involves keeping hackers, viruses, and enemies of a nation out of confidential files and drives in order to prevent information from entering the wrong hands. In the information age, this is one of the most important law enforcement systems to any wired nation.



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