What are the Best Methods for Asthma Management?

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  • Written By: N. Madison
  • Edited By: Jenn Walker
  • Last Modified Date: 07 January 2020
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The best methods of asthma management may be considered together as one treatment plan rather than as stand-alone solutions. In order to control asthma effectively, a patient may work to avoid asthma triggers, take medications that prevent asthma attacks and use short-term medications to control symptom flare-ups. Allergy medicines are often added into this mix, as controlling allergies helps to prevent asthma symptoms.

One of the best methods of asthma management doesn’t require medication at all. Instead, the patient makes an effort to stay away from things that may trigger asthma symptoms. For example, a person with asthma should avoid cigarette smoke, certain foods and airborne allergens. Strenuous exercise, emotional upheaval, respiratory infections and exposure to cold air are also triggers, but they may be harder to avoid. Since exercise is typically considered healthy, some doctors work with their patients to devise fitness plans that do not put them at risk.

Often, long-term symptom control medications are prescribed for asthma management. A patient may use them daily to help control the inflammation of the airways that leads to asthma attacks. They may also provide ongoing symptom relief. Over time, a person’s long-term medication may become less effective, however. In such a case, she may need to see her doctor to have it adjusted.


Short-term medications can be an important part of an asthma management plan. Also called rescue medications, these medicines work quickly to stop symptoms of an asthma attack. They are designed to open a person’s constricted airways and allow her to have adequate air flow. Unlike long-term treatment choices, they usually aren’t meant to be taken at the same time every day. Instead, they are used whenever immediate symptom relief is needed.

Since each patient is unique, each case of asthma may require a slightly different treatment plan. Some people use both long- and short-term medications while others only require long-term symptom control. Some require treatment for allergies while others do not. A person may even have a different treatment plan for healthy times versus sick periods. For example, an asthmatic person may need more of certain medications while she is ill.

Patients with asthma often see a doctor who specializes in treating patients who have asthma and allergies. This person may be referred to as an asthma and allergy specialist. An asthma and allergy specialist usually sees patients on a regular basis, monitoring their health and making changes in their treatment plans as necessary.



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