What are Central Vacuum Systems?

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  • Written By: Ken Black
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 13 August 2019
  • Copyright Protected:
    Conjecture Corporation
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Central vacuum systems are devices that are designed to carry debris collected by a hand unit to a central location for disposal. In function, they are very similar to what is already done with traditional vacuums. However, by not attaching the motorized portion of the vacuum to a canister that is dragged around, the system becomes easier to handle due to the fact that it weighs less.

The easy handling of central vacuum systems are just one of the many benefits. In homes that have them, they also provide a convenient place for the dirt and debris to go, which can be in a garage or basement. This is a benefit to those who are allergic to such substances. Also, there is no need to deal with messy vacuum bags. In addition, the systems are said to increase home values and are a selling point.

Central vacuum systems work by running conduit lines throughout major areas of the home, all running to the same central collection area. A flexible hose line is then connected to the central vacuum system and run to a handpiece that is similar to a traditional vacuum cleaner head. Then the vacuum is operated as normally by the user when cleaning carpet, upholstery or even bare floors.


There are other features available for central vacuum systems that make them especially convenient for cleaning. For example, automatic dustpans can be installed along baseboards where there are bare floors. These are slits connecting to the central vacuum system. One simply has to sweep dirt to the slit and watch it disappear as it is sucked into the system.

In addition to the conveniences mentioned, operating the system is simple as well. While it would be inconvenient to go to the basement or garage to turn the system on every time someone wanted to vacuum, that is not necessary. Rather, the power button is usually placed on the handheld unit, also known as a power brush.

Though central vacuum systems do not use traditional bags, they still require emptying every once in a while. On average, this must take place several times a year. However, in most cases this can be done simply and quickly. The fact that it is done in an out-of-the-way area of the home only enhances the health benefits associated with these systems.

The biggest barrier to central vacuum systems is installing them. They can be prohibitively expensive, costing $2,000 Dollars (USD) or more. This is compared to a traditional vacuum, where a US serviceable model can cost as little as $100 USD and last for a decade or longer. The best time to install central vacuum systems is when the home is being built.



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