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How do I Choose the Best Periodontitis Treatment?

Article Details
  • Written By: Meshell Powell
  • Edited By: Melissa Wiley
  • Last Modified Date: 10 February 2020
  • Copyright Protected:
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    Conjecture Corporation
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Periodontitis is a common gum disease and a leading cause of tooth loss. Choosing the best periodontitis treatment methods depends on the severity of the disease, and a dentist can help the patient choose the best treatment options on an individual basis. Periodontitis treatment often begins with preventative measures such as proper oral hygiene and frequent dental appointments, especially if this disease has been a problem in the past or there is a family history of dental problems. Other types of periodontitis treatment options may include dental scaling, root planing, or the use of prescription antibiotics. In the more severe cases, periodontitis treatment may involve surgical intervention.

Preventative care is an important part of periodontitis treatment. A dentist can recommend a schedule for regular dental cleanings and evaluate for potential complications that may require additional treatment. Brushing the teeth at least twice a day with an electric toothbrush and using a mouth rinse are good preventative care measures as well. Tarter control toothpastes are good to use, but should not be used as a substitute for other oral care measures, such as regular flossing.

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Dental scaling is a procedure that is commonly used as a form of periodontitis treatment. This is a deep cleaning procedure in which bacteria and tarter are removed from beneath the gums as well as the surfaces of the teeth. While it is possible to have this procedure performed in one office visit, it is more typically done in two to four visits, with a portion of the mouth being done during each visit.

Root planing is another option for periodontitis treatment. This procedure is designed to smooth out the surfaces of the roots of the teeth to help prevent further tartar buildup. Root planing may sometimes be performed along with the dental scaling procedure. Antibiotics may be prescribed before or after the procedure so that infection is avoided as a result of the procedure.

Surgical intervention may occasionally be used as a form of periodontitis treatment. There are various surgical options, including a much deeper form of dental scaling and root planing. In some cases, gum or bone grafts may need to be performed when tissue or bones have been severely damaged by the gum disease. A procedure known as guided tissue regeneration is designed to allow healthy bone and tissue to grow back in the affected area. A specialized type of gel may also be applied to the roots of the affected teeth to promote regrowth of healthy tissue and bones.

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