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To become an electrical fitter, an apprenticeship usually must be completed, and a certification might be required. Electrical fitters install, maintain and repair electrical systems, and they might be known as electricians in some regions of the world. Job prospects in this field can vary, depending on where the fitter works and what kind of economic conditions are present. During boom periods, construction often increases, along with retrofits to existing electrical systems, and this can create job opportunities.
A high school diploma usually is necessary to start an apprenticeship as an electrical fitter. Apprentices are evaluated for fitness in interviews to learn more about their experience and level of commitment to the work. The training can take several years and represents a substantial investment, so employers want to make sure that apprentices are prepared for the process to become an electrical fitter.
During an apprenticeship, the trainee electrical fitter has an opportunity to work under supervision on increasingly complex tasks. The trainer usually provides safety information first and has the apprentice slowly develop and build on his or her skills. The apprenticeship moves at the pace most suitable for the trainee. Initial training can also include recommendations on books to read and outside safety courses to consider to become fully qualified. Eventually, a person working to become an electrical fitter will be able to work more or less on his or her own, and a supervisor will check the apprentice's work to make sure that it is sound before signing off on it.
After an electrical fitter is competent enough to work independently and has met any time requirements set by the government, he or she can apply for a license. Licenses are not required in all regions, but they are common, because electricians work with potentially dangerous systems, and proper training is crucial. To get a license, it is necessary to take an examination and demonstrate knowledge of the electrical code, safety recommendations and related topics. A passing grade will allow the fitter to start working.
It also is possible to attend a technical school training program to prepare to become an electrical fitter. Such programs provide classroom and lab experience. Students have an opportunity to develop many skills in this setting. These can be useful in applications for apprenticeships, which might be competitive in some regions. It usually still is necessary to complete at least a short apprenticeship before applying for a license, because a certain number of hours of experience in the field might be necessary to become an electrical fitter.